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Fuels

The end of the gasoline era in Brazil is still far from reaching

01/08/2021 | 16h37

While countries like Japan and England are starting a program to replace combustion cars with electrified vehicles in the coming years, Brazil will still have to live with gas as the protagonist for the next few decades.

 

This is what indicates a projection of trends for the industry produced by the Brazilian Association of Automotive Engineering (AEA), which also researched how the different energy sources for vehicles should develop in the coming years.

 

De acordo com o estudo dos especialistas da AEA, a gasolina é um "combustível de transição", que ainda não chegou ao seu pico de consumo no país, o que só deverá acontecer daquia a 20 anos, em 2040. "A gasolina ainda terá um papel importante, mas com a melhor condição possível em termos de emissões e eficiência energética", afirmou Everton Lopes da Silva, coordenador da comissão de tendências tecnológicas da AEA.

 

Global trend, electrification will also play an important role in vehicles in circulation in Brazil, but its diffusion still depends on investments in infrastructure and incentives for production and commercialization. According to AEA research, electric or hybrid vehicles will be more present in large urban centers, where there is a greater demand for this type of technology and easier technical conditions for the installation of a network of chargers.

 

In fact, the regionalization of energy solutions is the main bet of the entity's experts, who believe that each country or region on the planet will adopt the most effective alternative for reducing pollutant emissions and increasing efficiency, according to their geographical and economic particularities. . This is the case in Europe, for example, which invests in the production of synthetic fuels capable of replacing gasoline.

 

For the Brazilian market, ethanol is still understood as the most viable solution as a low carbon fuel. Its second generation of biofuel, produced from the residues of sugar cane and corn, is a bet for production to be more ecologically sustainable (managing to take advantage of what is discarded in agricultural areas).

 

In the coming years, AEA technicians believe, the big challenge will be to introduce a concept of "bioelectrification", in which ethanol will be able to power hybrid vehicles, in addition to improving their efficiency and participation as a viable energy matrix throughout the national territory. 



Font: T&B Petroleum/Boletim SCA
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