Study discusses how sociocultural factors can affect the formation of memory

22/08/2022 15:05

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Have you ever stopped to think that the Brazilian " style" can go much further than we imagine? You see, skills such as memorizing a face can be much stronger in one country than in another. 
 
A study published by the scientific journal Ciência Latina talked about how memory and brain development are influenced by numerous social and cultural issues. 
 
The study came from an insight by the author, PhD in Neuroscience, Dr. Fabiano de Abreu Agrela, who noticed that Brazilians who came from big cities like Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Belo Horizonte to live in towns and villages in Portugal, have greater difficulty in recording the faces of people from the towns and villages they migrated to.
 
"These Brazilians would meet the same person and not remember that person. And that caused a negative impression of the Portuguese. The Portuguese, on the other hand, memorize people's faces very easily. Therefore, the Portuguese didn't understand why Brazilians couldn't remember and considered this a form of 'bad language'," he explained. 
 
Therefore, the author came to the conclusion that there are several factors that influence this different behavior of Portuguese and Brazilians in big cities. 
 
"One of them is anxiety and how it is conducted in big cities, which impairs the memory process. Including the region of the brain related to face memory. And not only this issue of anxiety is the impacting factor. As the Brazilian is someone different, this makes an impression and has an impact on the Portuguese, who can perceive someone different there. In other words, the impact of having someone from the outside is a crucial factor for a better memorization, since we memorize with emotional help", he explained.
 
"Another factor is related to plasticity and energy saving. The Brazilians from these regions see many faces in their daily lives, so the brain understands that memorization is not necessary to save energy. The Portuguese from small cities, on the other hand, see the same faces, which makes it easier to record new faces. So we have more than one factor that interferes in these conditions. What can serve as a help against xenophobia that is being common in the country due to the high number of Brazilians entering Portugal. Since many Portuguese have commented to me that they believe that it is a "lack of respect" or "devaluation" towards them. It is a social contract with variables that should be highlighted".
 
According to the study, regarding the formation of the memory of faces, it can be inferred that it is associated with different social factors, education, gender and age. And that this difference is associated primarily with the brain development of the hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, amygdala and amygdala.
frontal cortex, the amygdala and the theta waves. 
 
The article also showed that, although the interviews were conducted about the memory of faces in two different societies, the hypothesis related to this greater ability on the part of the Portuguese (or Europeans) compared to the
Brazilians (or South Americans) cannot be proven. 
 
This lack of proof "was due to the fact that there is no relevant research in the area debating this issue. However, the present study, pioneer in the theme, proposes a provocation to the scientific community about the subject addressed here", he concluded.
 
Link to the study: https://ciencialatina.org/index.php/cienciala/article/view/2577
 
About Fabiano de Abreu Agrela
 
Dr. Fabiano de Abreu Agrela is director of the Centro de Pesquisas e Análises Heráclito (CPAH), Scientist at the Martin Dockweiler University Hospital, Head of the Department of Science and Technology at Logos University International, active member of Redilat - La Red de Investigadores Latinoamericanos, of the scientific committee of Ciência Latina, of the Society for Neuroscience, the largest neuroscience society in the world in the United States, and professor at the universities of medicine at UDABOL in Bolivia, Escuela Europea de Negocios in Spain, FABIC in Brazil and research scientist at Universidad Santander in Mexico. Professional registrations: FENS PT30079 / SFN C-015737 / SBNEC 6028488 / SPSIG 2515/5476.
 

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